Inflammatory eye disease is common in adults and children. The organ of vision is located in the open area of the body, and its mechanisms of protection against pathogens do not always cope with their task. The most dangerous risk factor for infections is contact lenses. Constant contact of a foreign body with the cornea, as well as non-compliance with the principles of sterility during donning and doffing lenses, are factors in the penetration of pathogenic microbes inside the eye. Poor personal hygiene and close contact with people with an active inflammatory process may also lead to inflammatory changes.

Infection can cause inflammation of any part of the visual organ: from the conjunctiva and cornea to the inner membranes. Typically, the inflammatory process begins with conjunctivitis, then spreads to other structures. Therefore, it is important to start treatment in time. At the stage of superficial inflammation, local medications are effective. If you are looking for effective medications, you should visit

Classification of eye infections

The causative agents of infections in the eyes of children and adults can be any microorganisms. Depending on the cause, the following types of diseases are distinguished:

  • bacterial;
  • viral;
  • fungal;
  • infections.

Most often inflammation is associated with the action of bacteria or viruses: microorganisms easily get to the conjunctiva, where they multiply intensively and cause an inflammatory process. Fungal infections usually accompany immunodeficiency states, and protozoa are extremely rare causes of diseases of the visual organ.

Topical medicines

Since inflammation in diseases of the visual organ is local in nature, taking medications of general action is not necessary. Topical antimicrobial medications are available in the convenient form of eye drops or ointments. The choice of dosage form is the task of the doctor. Some drugs are available in both variants. Then it is worth focusing on your own sensations and rhythm of life: the ointment is usually put in the cavity of the eye at night, and the eye drops should be used several times during the day.


Antiseptics have no selective action: they destroy all microorganisms, including beneficial human bacteria. Thanks to antiseptics in the form of drops you can quickly get rid of bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoa on any surfaces, and in the form of eye drops clean germs.


Treating a bacterial infection is impossible without antibacterial agents. Antibiotics specifically target pathogenic microbes, the infectious agents. Topical antibiotics do not cause systemic side effects, and create an effective concentration of the medication immediately in the inflammation. They are relatively safe, so they are prescribed for adults and children from birth. Antibiotics in drops are divided into natural and semi-synthetic. A separate class includes synthetic antibacterial agents. However, in modern clinical practice, for convenience, all three groups of drugs are called “antibiotics”. Not all antibacterial formulations come in the form of eye preparations, so when prescribing a treatment regimen, ophthalmologists choose from the groups of antibiotics that are sold in the appropriate form. 


Means with activity against viruses are used when viral inflammation is suspected. The action of these drops is aimed at preventing the multiplication of the virus, as well as strengthening the immune system.

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